The political system in Canada works in the framework of a federal system of parliamentary government, having heightened democratic ties.
Politics in Canada is highly democratic, though it may run a constitutional monarchy, where the head of state is seen as the monarch. Canada runs a multi-party polity, as politicians from different political parties can run for political positions. Most of its legislative processes come from the precedents set by the UK Westminster Parliament.
Even at that, Canada politics has moved to have its variations, as the political party discipline seen in Canada seems far stronger than the one seen in the UK. The more parliamentary votes gotten, the more the motions of confidence. This reduces the influences the non- Cabinet members of parliament (MPs) have.
Those members seen in the government caucus are seen as backbenchers. Backbenchers have influence when they sit in parliamentary committees, such as the National Defence Committee or Public Accounts Committee.
For a long while, the two major political parties in Canada are Liberal Party of Canada and the Conservative Party of Canada. Of recent, social democratic New Democratic Party (NDP) seem to have gained popularity, and is given the other two prominent parties a run for their money in the Politics of the day, and that could be seen in the 2011 and 2015 federal elections.
There are some smaller parties that are rising too, and they are Green Party of Canada and Quebec nationalist Bloc Québécois. They seem to be raising strong politicians that want to have an influence on the Canadian Political scene.
The Canadian society is held strongly by both far-left and far-right politics.
In 2006, Canada was rated as a country with full democracy by The Economist Intelligence Unit. The structure of the Canadian government was at first established by British Parliament via its Constitution Act, 1867. It was later remodeled by Canadian politics to include the division of powers and federal model.
After World War, I was done, citizens of places that were seen as self-governing Dominions like Canada felt a stronger sense of self-identity. In 1926, in the Balfour Declaration, the British government stated that it was willing to grant the regions full autonomy. Five years after, in 1931, the Statue of Westminster was passed by the British Parliament, giving Dominions like Canada legal autonomy.
After this, Canadian politicians were not able to get the consensus needed to amend the constitution until the year 1982. This meant that before amendments could be made to the Canadian constitution, approval from British Parliament was needed, until that date.